SÍ, MODELOS, pero... ¿con cuál de estas... digo... estos modelos?

SÍ, MODELOS, pero... ¿con cuál de estas... digo... estos modelos?
SÍ, MODELOS, pero... ¿con cuál de estas... digo... estos modelos?

La ilustración proviene de este artículo de El Confidencial - http://www.elconfidencial.com/tecnologia/2016-03-09/universidades-publicas-y-pseudociencias-el-mapa-de-la-ensenanza-magufa-en-espana_1165453/ Otro de pseudociencias: (entrevista a Mauricio-José Schwarz "Antivacunas, homeopatía, transgénicos...") http://www.elmundo.es/sociedad/2017/06/29/59537ba6e2704e352a8b4651.html

... los modelos son las entidades representacionales primarias de la ciencia ... los científicos suelen usar modelos para representar los aspectos del mundo ... los modelos más interesantes son los modelos teóricos. Estos son objetos abstractos, entidades imaginarias cuya estructura podría o no ser similar a los aspectos de los objetos y procesos del mundo real. Los científicos son más propensos a hablar del ajuste entre sus modelos y el mundo... (José Antonio Acevedo https://www.oei.es/historico/divulgacioncientifica/?Sobre-modelos-cientificos)

lunes, 11 de abril de 2016

Geography Matters

Life expectancy of 40-year-olds with household incomes below $28,000,
adjusted for race* * Map shows what life expectancy would be if every place had the same share of Hispanics and Asians (who tend to live longer than whites) and blacks (who tend to live shorter lives than whites), and the same share of men and women. 

Life expectancies are calculated assuming the chance of dying at a given age does not change, a calculation known as period life expectancy. Data covers 2001 to 2014, and excludes people with no earnings at age 40.

The Rich Live Longer Everywhere.For the Poor, Geography Matters.

For poor Americans, the place they call home can be a matter of life or death.
The poor in some cities — big ones like New York and Los Angeles, and also quite a few smaller ones like Birmingham, Ala. — live nearly as long as their middle-class neighbors or have seen rising life expectancy in the 21st century. But in some other parts of the country, adults with the lowest incomes die on average as young as people in much poorer nations like Rwanda, and their life spans are getting shorter.
In those differences, documented in sweeping new research, lies an optimistic message: The right mix of steps to improve habits and public health could help people live longer, regardless of how much money they make.
One conclusion from this work, published on Monday in The Journal of the American Medical Association, is that the gap in life spans between rich and poor widened from 2001 to 2014. The top 1 percent in income among American men live 15 years longer than the poorest 1 percent; for women, the gap is 10 years. These rich Americans have gained three years of longevity just in this century. They live longer almost without regard to where they live. Poor Americans had very little gain as a whole, with big differences among different places.

Where the Poor Live the Longest

Where the Poor Live the Shortest

New York City79.5
San Jose, Calif.79.5
Santa Barbara79.4
Santa Rosa79.0
Los Angeles79.0
San Francisco78.8
San Diego78.8
New York City84.0
Santa Barbara84.0
San Jose, Calif.83.7
San Diego83.4
Port St. Lucie, Fla.83.3
Los Angeles83.2
Portland, Me.83.1
Providence, R.I.83.1
Gary, Ind.74.2
Louisville, Ky.74.9
Tulsa, Okla.74.9
Toledo, Ohio74.9
Oklahoma City75.0
Dayton, Ohio75.1
Knoxville, Tenn.75.1
Las Vegas75.1
Las Vegas80.0
Oklahoma City80.2
Tulsa, Okla.80.3
Des Moines80.6
Gary, Ind.80.7
Little Rock, Ark.80.7
Among the 100 largest metro areas in the U.S.

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario


Alfons López, en Público, 4 de julio de 2014